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Understanding Education Governance and Administration

Evidence on outcomes of Public education systems and measurement frameworks

Systemic Reform & Teacher Support for Tribal Schools in Maharashtra

Role of Middle Management in Policy Implementation 

A Study of Middle Managers and their Role in Education Systems


India is a welfare nation known for formulating numerous policies for its people from time to time. The realization of a policy from paper to ground requires efforts from all the levels involved in an administrative setup. Within this, the top and the ground level management are mostly in discussions for various reasons, while the role of the middle-level management usually remains far from the spotlight.


Here the study attempts to streamline the role of the middle-level managers through a case study approach where the Pragat Shaikshanik Maharashtra (PSM), a Maharashtra state FLN mission, was taken into consideration to better understand the role of the middle managers in implementation. The report’s findings highlight the major gap in a middle manager’s envisioned and de-facto roles and structural as well as capacity-related challenges.


We also analyze their experiences against a framework to understand their work as mediators, experts, facilitators, leaders and role models. Last we present a case of a previous policy intervention to isolate strategies used and shifts in their roles. 

SCERT & DIETs In Tripura: Gaps and Way Forward

The challenges to school education in Tripura are unique. On one hand, the state has made remarkable progress towards universalization of school education, and has consistently shown a strong commitment to improvement of education though high budgetary allocations over the years. But on the other hand it has suffered from lack of personnel and capacities within schools as well as its important institutions.


SCERT, DIET and other teacher support structures have emerged organically, and in response to the unique needs of Tripura, it remains in misalignment to the national vision for these institutions.The approach in this report has been to identify gaps in comparison to recommendations made in these national guidelines, and suggest a way forward keeping in mind feasibility, willingness, urgency and learnings from past practice. 

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